Design as interactions of problem framing and problem solvingReport as inadecuate

Author: Martin Dzbor and Zdenek Zdrahal



This paper introduces a model of framing in design.
The model takes into account a reflective nature of designing, and it is based on the interplay between two conceptually distinct knowledge sources – an explicit specification of a problem and a solution to it.
The approach is novel in the former investigated aspect that is presented as a semi-formal operation of framing, i.e.
interpretation of a problem using selected conceptual primitives.
We argue that the interpretation of design problems lacks a similar rigorous investigation as problem solving received in both design theory and methodology.
Furthermore, two design schemas of frame refinement and problem re-framing are discussed and exemplified ...

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