Förbränningskarakterisering av rapsmjöl och förslag till optimalt nyttjande i olika förbränningsanläggningarReport as inadecuate




Förbränningskarakterisering av rapsmjöl och förslag till optimalt nyttjande i olika förbränningsanläggningar - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Hedman, Henry Energy Technology Centre, Piteå.Öhman, Marcus Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.Boström, Dan Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.Pettersson, Esbjörn Pommer, Linda Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.Lindström, Erica Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.Backman, Rainer Energy Technology and Thermal Process Chemistry, Umeå University.Öhman, Rikard Energy Technology Centre, Piteå.Show others and affiliations 2007 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)Alternative title Combustion characterization of rape seed meal and suggestions for optimal use in combustion appliances (English)

Abstract [en] : When rape oil is chemically extracted, rape seed meal, a solid residue remains. Currently, it is used as animal feed. Several plants for the production of rape methyl ester (RME, biodiesel) are in operation or under construction. Combustion properties have been studied for rape seed meal produced as a by product to rape-methyl esther (RME, biodiesel). Composition of the material has been measured, using proximate and ultimate analysis. The lower heating value was 18.2 ± 0,3 MJ/kg d.w. and the ash content was 7-8 percent d.w. The material is rich in nitrogen and sulphur. Concentrations of K, P, Ca and Mg are high in the fuel. Rape seed meal was mixed with bark and pelletised. Bark pellets were also used as a reference fuel. Pellets with 10 and 30 percent rape seed meal were produced. Material with 80 percent rape seed meal and 20 percent planer shavings was also pelletised. Wood had to be added to provide enough friction in the pelletising process, with adapted equipment rape seed meal could probably be easily pelletised). The material was studied using Thermo-Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), and compared with data from tests with wood powder. The pyrolysis of the rape seed meal has a characteristic temperature of 320oC. Devolatilisation starts at 150 oC (at a lower temperature than for wood powder), and proceeds within a rather wide temperature range. The probable cause is the difference in organic content, in particular protein content. The result does not suggest that the material will be difficult to ignite. Experiments in a bench-scale fluidised bed (5 kW) showed that pellets containing only bark, and the mixture rape seed meal/wood had a bed agglomeration temperature well over the normal operational bed temperature. For the fuel mixtures rape seed meal and bark, the agglomeration temperature was slightly over the operational temperature. Particle emissions from fluidised bed combustion and grate combustion were, the latter simulated using a commercial pellet burner, were roughly doubled with fuels containing rape seed meal compared to bark. In the powder burner tests, particle emissions increased with a factor 17 with rape seed meal compared to wood powder. The emitted particles were mainly found in the fine (< 1 µm) mode during grate and powder combustion. During fluidized bed combustion the total particulate matter consisted both of a coarse (>1 µm) and a fine mode fraction. The particles from grate combustion of bark contain mostly K, S, Na and Cl apart from oxygen and carbon. When rape seed meal is present, Cl and Na concentrations decrease considerably and the main contents of the particles are K and S (and O and C). The results from the X-ray Diffraction Spectroscopy (XRD) analyses showed the presence of crystalline K2SO4 och KCl. The fine particles (



Author: Eriksson, Gunnar

Source: http://ltu.diva-portal.org/







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