Gas and dust around A-type stars at tens of Myr: signatures of cometary breakupReportar como inadecuado

Gas and dust around A-type stars at tens of Myr: signatures of cometary breakup

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Publication Date: 2016-10-01

Journal Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Volume: 461

Issue: 4

Pages: 3910-3917

Language: English

Type: Article

This Version: VoR

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Citation: Greaves, J., Holland, W., Matthews, B., Marshall, J., Dent, W., Woitke, P., Wyatt, M. C., et al. (2016). Gas and dust around A-type stars at tens of Myr: signatures of cometary breakup. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 461 (4), 3910-3917.

Abstract: Discs of dusty debris around main-sequence stars indicate fragmentation of orbiting planetesimals, and for a few A-type stars, a gas component is also seen that may come from collisionally released volatiles. Here we find the sixth example of a CO-hosting disc, around the ∼30 Myr-old A0-star HD 32997. Two more of these CO-hosting stars, HD 21997 and 49 Cet, have also been imaged in dust with SCUBA-2 within the SCUBA-2 Survey of Nearby Stars project. A census of 27 A-type debris hosts within 125 pc now shows 7/16 detections of carbon-bearing gas within the 5–50 Myr epoch, with no detections in 11 older systems. Such a prolonged period of high fragmentation rates corresponds quite well to the epoch when most of the Earth was assembled from planetesimal collisions. Recent models propose that collisional products can be spatially asymmetric if they originate at one location in the disc, with CO particularly exhibiting this behaviour as it can photodissociate in less than an orbital period. Of the six CO-hosting systems, only β Pic is in clear support of this hypothesis. However, radiative transfer modelling with the ProDiMo code shows that the CO is also hard to explain in a proto-planetary disc context.

Keywords: planetary systems, circumstellar matter, infrared: stars

Sponsorship: JSG and PW thank the ERC for funding for project DiscAnalysis, under the grant FP7-SPACE-2011 collaborative project 284405. JPM is supported by a UNSW Vice-Chancellor's postdoctoral fellowship. MCW and LM acknowledge the support of the European Union through ERC grant 279973. The JCMT is operated by the East Asian Observatory on behalf of The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, the Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, the National Astronomical Observatories of China and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB09000000), with additional funding support from the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom and participating universities in the United Kingdom and Canada. ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), NSC and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ.


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Autor: Greaves, JSHolland, WSMatthews, BCMarshall, JPDent, WRFWoitke, P Wyatt, Mark CharlesMatra, LJackson, AShow moreShow less



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