Vol 9: Inhibition of Tumor Vasculogenic Mimicry and Prolongation of Host Survival in Highly Aggressive Gallbladder Cancers by Norcantharidin via Blocking the Ephrin Type a Receptor 2-Focal Adhesion Kinase-Paxillin Signaling PathReportar como inadecuado



 Vol 9: Inhibition of Tumor Vasculogenic Mimicry and Prolongation of Host Survival in Highly Aggressive Gallbladder Cancers by Norcantharidin via Blocking the Ephrin Type a Receptor 2-Focal Adhesion Kinase-Paxillin Signaling Path


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This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractVasculogenic mimicry VM is a newly-defined tumor microcirculation pattern in highly aggressive malignant tumors. We recently reported tumor growth and VM formation of gallbladder cancers through the contribution of the ephrin type a receptor 2 EphA2-focal adhesion kinase FAK-Paxillin signaling pathways. In this study, we further investigated the anti-VM activity of norcantharidin NCTD as a VM inhibitor for gallbladder cancers and the underlying mechanisms. In vivo and in vitro experiments to determine the effects of NCTD on tumor growth, host survival, VM formation of GBC-SD nude mouse xenografts, and vasculogenic-like networks, malignant phenotypes i.e., proliferation, apoptosis, invasion and migration of GBC-SD cells. Expression of VM signaling-related markers EphA2, FAK and Paxillin in vivo and in vitro were examined by immunofluorescence, western blotting and real-time polymerase chain reaction RT-PCR, respectively. The results showed that after treatment with NCTD, GBC-SD cells were unable to form VM structures when injecting into nude mouse, growth of the xenograft was inhibited and these observations were confirmed by facts that VM formation by three-dimensional 3-D matrix, proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, migration of GBC-SD cells were affected; and survival time of the xenograft mice was prolonged. Furthermore, expression of EphA2, FAK and Paxillin proteins-mRNAs of the xenografts was downregulated. Thus, we concluded that NCTD has potential anti-VM activity against human gallbladder cancers; one of the underlying mechanisms may be via blocking the EphA2-FAK-Paxillin signaling pathway.



Autor: Wang, Hui; Sun, Wei; Zhang, Wen-Zhong; Ge, Chun-Yan; Zhang, Jing-Tao; Liu, Zhong-Yan; Fan, Yue-Zu

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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