Vol 7: Heat-tolerant rice cultivars retain grain appearance quality under free-air CO2 enrichment.Reportar como inadecuado



 Vol 7: Heat-tolerant rice cultivars retain grain appearance quality under free-air CO2 enrichment.


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This article is from Rice, volume 7.AbstractBackground: Heat-tolerant rice cultivars have been developed as a countermeasure to poor grain appearance quality under high temperatures. Recent studies showed that elevated CO2 concentrations (E-CO2) also reduce grain quality. To determine whether heat-tolerant cultivars also tolerate E-CO2, we conducted a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiment with 12 rice cultivars differing in heat tolerance. Results: The percentage of undamaged grains of five standard cultivars (Akitakomachi, Kinuhikari, Koshihikari, Matsuribare, Nipponbare) averaged 61.7% in the ambient CO2 (AMB) plot and 51.7% in the FACE plot, whereas that of heat-tolerant cultivars (Eminokizuna, Wa2398, Kanto 257, Toyama 80, Mineharuka, Kanto 259, Saikai 290) averaged 73.5% in AMB and 71.3% in FACE. This resulted in a significant CO2 by cultivar interaction. The percentage of white-base or white-back grains increased from 8.4% in AMB to 17.1% in FACE in the sensitive cultivars, but from only 2.1% in AMB to only 4.4% in FACE in the heat-tolerant cultivars. Conclusion: Heat-tolerant cultivars retained their grain appearance quality at E-CO2 under present air temperatures. Further improvements in appearance quality under present conditions will be needed to achieve improvements under E-CO2, because E-CO2 will likely lower the threshold temperature for heat stress.



Autor: Usui, Yasuhiro; Sakai, Hidemitsu; Tokida, Takeshi; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Hasegawa, Toshihiro

Fuente: https://archive.org/







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