Finite temperature current densities and Bose-Einstein condensation in topologically nontrivial spacesReport as inadecuate



 Finite temperature current densities and Bose-Einstein condensation in topologically nontrivial spaces


Finite temperature current densities and Bose-Einstein condensation in topologically nontrivial spaces - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Download or read this book online for free in PDF: Finite temperature current densities and Bose-Einstein condensation in topologically nontrivial spaces
We investigate the finite temperature expectation values of the charge and current densities for a complex scalar field with nonzero chemical potential in background of a flat spacetime with spatial topology $R^{p}\times (S^{1})^{q}$. Along compact dimensions quasiperiodicity conditions with general phases are imposed on the field. In addition, we assume the presence of a constant gauge field which, due to the nontrivial topology of background space, leads to Aharonov-Bohm-like effects on the expectation values. By using the Abel-Plana-type summation formula and zeta function techniques, two different representations are provided for both the current and charge densities. The current density has nonzero components along the compact dimensions only and, in the absence of a gauge field, it vanishes for special cases of twisted and untwisted scalar fields. In the high-temperature limit, the current density and the topological part in the charge density are linear functions of the temperature. The Bose-Einstein condensation for a fixed value of the charge is discussed. The expression for the chemical potential is given in terms of the lengths of compact dimensions, temperature and gauge field. It is shown that the parameters of the phase transition can be controlled by tuning the gauge field. The separate contributions to the charge and current densities coming from the Bose-Einstein condensate and from excited states are also investigated.



Author: E. R. Bezerra de Mello; A. A. Saharian

Source: https://archive.org/







Related documents