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 Five squares in arithmetic progression over quadratic fields


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We give several criteria to show over which quadratic number fields Q(sqrt{D}) there should exists a non-constant arithmetic progressions of five squares. This is done by translating the problem to determining when some genus five curves C D defined over Q have rational points, and then using a Mordell-Weil sieve argument among others. Using a elliptic Chabauty-like method, we prove that the only non-constant arithmetic progressions of five squares over Q(sqrt{409}), up to equivalence, is 7^2, 13^2, 17^2, 409, 23^2. Furthermore, we give an algorithm that allow to construct all the non-constant arithmetic progressions of five squares over all quadratic fields. Finally, we state several problems and conjectures related to this problem.



Author: Enrique González-Jiménez; Xavier Xarles

Source: https://archive.org/







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