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Editor: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Ciencia Política y Sociología. Área de Ciencia Política y de la Administración

Issued date: 2005

ISSN: 1698-482X

Review: PeerReviewed

Serie-No.: Documentos de Trabajo. Política y Gestión3-2005

Keywords: Policy analysis , Policy change , Advocacy coalition framework , Ideas , Beliefs system , Policy oriented learning , Análisis de políticas , Cambio de políticas , Marco de coaliciones promotoras , Ideas , Sistema de creencias , Aprendizaje orientado a las políticas públicas

Rights: Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España

Abstract:One characteristic of the contemporary policy studies is toconsider that ideas play an independent role. The Advocacy CoalitionFramework is an attractive sample of this as it tries to explain policy change,paying special attention to cognitive aspects: iOne characteristic of the contemporary policy studies is toconsider that ideas play an independent role. The Advocacy CoalitionFramework is an attractive sample of this as it tries to explain policy change,paying special attention to cognitive aspects: ideas, beliefs, values, learning,knowledge…However, the Advocacy Coalition Framework considers cognitive aspects as apart of a more extensive framework that allows us to verify the real functionof the ideas through empirical analysis. It is very respectful withmethodological aspects and offers a theoretical framework that helps policyanalysis and political science to obtain a better understanding of the policycomplex processes.The Advocacy Coalition Framework focuses on the study of policy changebased on three premises: a) understanding policy change and the role ofpolicy-oriented learning therein requires a time perspective of at least onedecade; b) it is important to study policy change through a focus on policysubsystems (that is the interaction of those actors from public and privateorganizations, and from different levels of government, who are activelyconcerned with a policy problem or issue); c) public policies can beconceptualized in the same manner than beliefs systems, that means as setsof value priorities and causal assumptions about how to realize them.Based on this, and regarding the difference between policy subsystem andthe global political system in which the subsystem is inserted, and betweenthe stable and dynamic parameters, policy change is considered the result ofseveral variables:A) Relatively stable parameters: basic attributes of the problem area,basic distribution of natural resources, essential socioculturalvalues as well as social and constitutional structure;B) Dynamic system events: changes in socio-economic conditions andtechnology, changes in the systemic governing conditions, policydecisions and impacts from other subsystems;C) And the inner dynamic of the subsystem: the competitive interactionof advocacy coalitions formed by those actors who share basic beliefsand are sufficiently coordinated for changing rules, budgets,etcetera, in order to achieve their aims through the time, or in otherwords, to transfer their beliefs systems into public policies. Weconcentrate our attention on this last group of factors, because theyinclude the cognitive aspects.The basic argument of the Advocacy Coalition Framework is that, whilepolicy-oriented learning is an important aspect of policy change and canoften alter secondary aspects of a coalition’s belief system, changes in thecore aspects of a policy are usually the results of perturbations in noncognitiveexternal factors to the subsystem such as macro-economicconditions or the rise of a new systemic governing coalition. This is becauseto be able to translate their beliefs into public policies o programs, advocacycoalitions need resources and opportunities and these mainly depend on notcognitive parameters.The Advocacy Coalition Framework makes possible the empirical study ofthe beliefs systems by developing carefully their structure. And itinvestigates the role of policy oriented learning through the analysis ofneeded conditions to enable this learning in each individual, within anadvocacy coalition and between different coalitions. All these aspects arebased on a model of individual that emphasizes that people are not onlyguided by their interests and that their conception of the world is deeplyaffected by the limited human capacity to process and analyse information,and by all the problems related with cognitive dissonance.+-





Author: Martinón, Ruth

Source: http://e-archivo.uc3m.es


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Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Repositorio institucional e-Archivo http:--e-archivo.uc3m.es Área de Ciencia Política y de la Administración DCS - POL - Documentos Política y Gestión 2005 Las ideas en las políticas públicas: el enfoque de las coaliciones promotoras Martinón, Ruth http:--hdl.handle.net-10016-594 Descargado de e-Archivo, repositorio institucional de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Documentos de Trabajo POLÍTICA Y GESTIÓN EDITA Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Instituto “Fermín Caballero” de Política y Gestión Departamento de Ciencia Política y Sociología Área de Ciencia Política y de la Administración CONSEJO EDITORIAL José Ignacio Cases Méndez Ester García Sánchez Manuel Hidalgo Trenado Eduardo López-Aranguren Quiñones Antonio Natera Peral Javier Redondo Rodelas Constanza Tobío Soler Francisco J.
Vanaclocha Bellver Verónica Viñas Chiappini Isabel Wences Simón Documentos de Trabajo Política y Gestión en internet: http:--www.uc3m.es-uc3m-dpto-CPS-CPS_public.html Distribución gratuita, salvo ediciones especiales. Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Departamento de Ciencia Política y Sociología Campus de Getafe Calle Madrid, nº 126 28903 MADRID Tfno.: 916245821 – Fax: 916249574 Correo electrónico: politicaygestion@uc3m.es Correo electrónico de la autora: ruth@polsoc.uc3m.es ISSN: 1698-482X Diseño: Roberto Losada Maestre Imprime: Copy Red S.A. Avda.
de Fuenlabrada, 97 28912 Leganés (Madrid) DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO “POLÍTICA Y GESTIÓN” UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS III DE MADRID INSTITUTO “FERMÍN CABALLERO” DE POLÍTICA Y GESTIÓN DEPARTAMENTO DE CIENCIA POLÍTICA Y SOCIOLOGÍA ÁREA DE CIENCIA POLÍTICA Y DE LA ADMINISTRACIÓN Documento de Trabajo nº 3-2005 LAS IDEAS EN LAS POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS: EL ENFOQUE DE LAS COALICIONES PROMOTORAS RUTH MARTINÓN * ABSTRACT: One characteristic of the contemporary policy studies is to consider that ideas play an independent role.
The Advocacy Coalition Framewor...





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