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Materias : 570107 Lengua y literatura550510 Filología

Fecha de publicación : 2002

Fecha de depósito: 21-ene-2011

Tipo de documento: Artículo

En : LFE. Revista de lenguas para fines específicos. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 1993-.- ISSN 1133-1127.- n. 9-10, 2002-2003, p. 139

Autor: Fagán, AnnaMartín Martín, Pedro



Competing for a Research Space: The Criticism of Ones Own Scientifíc Communíty Anna Fagan Pedro Martín Martín University of La Laguna Showing disagreement with the ideas sustained inprevious research or mentioning gaps in the existing literature are typical linguistic strategies used in scientifíc articles with the aim of justifying publication.
In this paper we explore the interpersonal pragmatic phenomenon of academic conflict (AC) and attempt to complement this área of research by providing a taxonomy which can be used to classify the various rhetorical strategies that writers may use to convey academic criticism in scientifíc texts.
The taxonomy of rhetorical optíons that we propose comprises three dimensíons: i) the writer, who has several cholees for conveying AC (with or without writer mediation, or reported) ii) the author, i.
the target of criticism (personal or impersonal), and iii) the act ofcriticising itself (with of without hedging devices).
We will also evalúate the application of this taxonomy to a corpus of 150 research articles from a wide range of disciplines, and discuss the limitations of a quantitative approach to academic criticism. Introduction Scientific discourse has often been viewed as purely informative, objective and impersonal.
However, a growing literature in both sociology and applied linguistics (e.g.
Gilbert and Mulkay, 1984; Hyland, 2000, 2001) has focused on the pragmatic aspects which involve scientific-academic discourse.
These studies have shown that in the publication of texts there is a series of social interactions between writers and readers, which have an effect on the rhetorical cholees that writers make to position themselves and their work in relation to the other members of their discourse community. In order to justify publication, writers must créate a research space that permits them to present their new knowledge claims to the other members of the academic community.
This mainly implies that the au...

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