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Diálogos Latinoamericanos 2002, (5)

Autor: Pedro Paulo A. Funari

Fuente: http://www.redalyc.org/


Introducción



Diálogos Latinoamericanos ISSN: 1600-0110 au@au.dk Aarhus Universitet Dinamarca Funari, Pedro Paulo A. Reseña de -Os índios antes do Brasil- de Carlos Fausto Diálogos Latinoamericanos, núm.
5, 2002, pp.
138-139 Aarhus Universitet Aarhus, Dinamarca Disponível em: http:--www.redalyc.org-articulo.oa?id=16200510 Como citar este artigo Número completo Mais artigos Home da revista no Redalyc Sistema de Informação Científica Rede de Revistas Científicas da América Latina, Caribe , Espanha e Portugal Projeto acadêmico sem fins lucrativos desenvolvido no âmbito da iniciativa Acesso Aberto Diálogos Latinoamericanos Carlos Fausto.
Os índios antes do Brasil.
Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor.
2000. Pedro Paulo A.
Funari* Carlos Fausto is an anthropology lecturer at the National Museum of Rio de Janeiro and author of several studies on Brazilian native peoples. This book is an attempt to introduce the reader to Indian societies before the arrival of the Europeans, in the late 15th century AD.
The author starts by studying the interpretation of the subject as stated in the five volume Handbook of South American Indians, edited by Julian H.
Steward in the late 1940s.
Fausto then turns to the Inca Empire, as “nowhere else in South America did happen a comparable development” (p.
16), and explain how Steward interpreted colonial documents to oppose political societies in the high lands to natural societies in the low lands.
Betty Meggers and her Amazonia: man and culture in a counterfeit paradise, published in 1971, spread the idea that low land rain forest environment constrained social life, leading to so-called simple, egalitarian, and small social units. Fausto reminds that archaeologists such as Donald Lathrap and Anna Roosevelt challenged these ideas, as pottery is eight thousand years old in Amazonia, at least one thousand older than elsewhere in South America and, as a consequence, in the 1980s and 1990s Meggers paradigm lost influence.
Instead s...





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