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Owens, Jesse Sinclair - Capítulo 3. Methodology - Discourse Across Borders: A Quantitative Analysis of Mexican and American Media Discourses -- Maestría en Applied Linguistics. - Departamento de Lenguas. - Escuela de Artes y Humanidades, - Universidad de las Américas Puebla.


Introducción



Discourse Across Borders 52 3.
Methodology The following section presents an overview of the research steps which were taken in order to design, propose and test the new approach to CDA research which is discussed here.
Generally speaking, this approach was made up of four hierarchically arranged, interconnecting parts.
The steps which were undertaken were the product of a series of brief pilot studies (see Section 3.1.1, p.
58) and were designed to offer the researcher authentic data while simultaneously limiting the role that they would have in attaining and analyzing it. First, two corpora were constructed.
These corpora were each made up of texts selected to form representative samples of particular language communities’ (American English and Mexican Spanish) print media discourse during a given month.
In the present investigation, newspaper reporting was the only genre of print media examined.
Second, a statistical analysis of lexical frequency was undertaken and a frequency limit was established.
This was then followed by an examination of the collocates of frequently occurring LIs (node words); these were selected using the frequency ‘ceiling’; and finally, those collocations which were found to be statistically salient were analyzed alone, as part of lexical groupings as well as both inter- and intra-linguistically.
This was done through the use of a variety of means including frequency analysis and semantic prosody analysis within and across both corpora. This multi-faceted approach was designed to analyze a stratified random sample of language use from a specific language domain.
The set of steps used in the current study allowed for a methodology in which critical language was presented to the researcher Discourse Across Borders 53 through its mere presence in the corpus data instead of one in which the researcher deliberately searched for language which was deemed (by the researcher) to be ‘critical.’ This characteristic of the present invest...






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