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Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Capítulo 3. Strengthening local government in Mexico - Decentralization and strengthening of local government in Mexico -- Licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales e Historia. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas Puebla.


Introducción



67 CHAPTER III STRENGTHENING LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN MEXICO Decentralization, as defined in the last chapter, is a key step in making sure that local governments become strong units of government within a federal system such as that of Mexico.
Decentralization is helpful as it spreads power, autonomy and discretionary abilities throughout the different levels of government away from central authority. However, this doesn’t ensure that these will be used appropriately by intermediate and local governments in a way that would benefit the country and its population.
Neither does it mean that this will transform local governments into full fledged political, legal and administrative governing bodies.
María Emilia Janetti and Arturo Pontifes clearly explain the problems of viewing decentralization as the only step needed in order to strengthen local governments and of viewing local government only as an element in a decentralizing formula (56).
Assigning local governments attributions through political decentralization will only offer a partial solution problem of division of power within the State.
This will limit local government to playing the role of political and administrative divisions of the national and regional authorities instead of transforming local government into a genuine body of local political representation of the community (24).
In order for this to happen, a further step needs to be taken to materialize decentralized authority and power into local government structures while ensuring that it is done properly.
As shall be seen in the following sections, this challenge may prove to be much more difficult than that of decentralizing the government system as a whole.
One of the greatest risks is the fact that decentralizing power and authority doesn’t ensure that these will not automatically reconcentrate in the hands of local and regional authorities, creating fragmentation and endangering national cohesion. 68 Effective decentralization has to be ca...






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