Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Capítulo 1. Local Government: from the creation of the cabildo to the modern day Ayuntamiento - Decentralization and strengthening of local govReportar como inadecuado




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Hinojosa Brigham, Carlos Gabriel - Capítulo 1. Local Government: from the creation of the cabildo to the modern day Ayuntamiento - Decentralization and strengthening of local government in Mexico -- Licenciatura en Relaciones Internacionales. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales e Historia. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas Puebla.


Introducción



CHAPTER I LOCAL GOVERNMENT: FROM THE CREATION OF THE CABILDO TO THE MODERN DAY AYUNTAMIENTO Colonial government and the creation of the cabildo In order to understand the current condition of local government and the distribution of power among the levels of government in Mexico one must first understand the historical process from which they result.
Within this prior understanding of the events that have taken place lies the key to being able to make objective suggestions about what should be done in order to improve the conditions of local government.
One could go back to the time of the first cultures that ever existed on what is now Mexican territory in order to identify the reasons for the current conditions of both local government and distribution of power. However, this chapter will focus mainly on the evolution all forms of government that have existed on Mexican territory since the arrival of the Spanish colonizers. This chapter identifies the main events in Mexican history within which lie the origins of contemporary local government and have shaped it throughout the last five hundred years of its existence.
This will allow us to understand the logic behind many of these events, which in turn will enable us to comprehend the logic behind the solutions that will eventually be proposed. Before the arrival of Spanish colonizers and the defeat of the Aztec empire in central Mexico, much of the region functioned under a system controlled by the central power that resided in the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan.
Even though the surrounding cities and groups remained autonomous to a certain extent, they all had to offer tribute to the Aztecs and obey their rules. 12 The conquest on behalf of Spanish forces brought along with it the establishment of the Iberian political system that existed at the time in Spain, and that was completely alien to the recently conquered territory and its society.
The implications therefore were very significant.
First of all, this repre...






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