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Grijalva Maza, Luisa Fernanda
- Capítulo 2. Refining
the Second Principles of Justic-
A Rawlsian Analysis of Pension Privatization in North
America
-- Maestría en Estudios de
Norteamérica. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales
y Ciencias Políticas. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas
Puebla.


Introducción



CHAPTER II REFINING THE SECOND PRINCIPLE OF JUSTICE “By the way in which a society behaves toward its old people it uncovers the naked, and often fully hidden, truth about its real principles and aims.”1 After more than thirty years since the publication of A Theory of Justice, a huge amount of criticism and interpretations have revealed the main contributions of the theory as well as its shortcomings.
Fortunately, it is important to note that the suggested shortcomings of Rawlsian liberalism have not outdated the theory: it continues to contribute considerably to many fields of study and it can and has been a theoretical foundation for public policy conflicts that have arisen currently.
In particular, Rawls’ second principle of justice and his idea about redistributive institutions can be used as a theoretical foundation upon which to assess public policy, such as public pension schemes, which are of special interest to this dissertation. Even though public pension schemes as well as other social programs may seem too specific for Rawlsian analysis, they are not.
They are programs directed to help and aid the least advantaged part of the population.
It will be remembered from earlier sections that the “least advantaged” are the fundamental level of analysis of Rawlsian justice, whereby the redistribution of social and economic inequalities has to be arranged so to benefit this particular group.2 Regarding the case of pension programs however, in A Theory of Justice it is not obviously clear that the elderly are actually considered as part of this disadvantaged group.
Therefore, to analyze pension schemes in further chapters with a Rawlsian perspective, it is first necessary to determine the position of old age within Rawlsian justice.
A main objective of this chapter is to show that the elderly constitute part of the morally relevant group that Rawls identifies as the least advantaged.
This moral relevancy targets the elderly 1 Simone de Beauvoir, The C...





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