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Grijalva Maza, Luisa Fernanda
- Capítulo 1. Rawlsian
Liberalism and Nozickean Libertarianis-
A Rawlsian Analysis of Pension Privatization in North
America
-- Maestría en Estudios de
Norteamérica. - Departamento de Relaciones Internacionales
y Ciencias Políticas. - Escuela de Ciencias Sociales, - Universidad de las Américas


Introducción



CHAPTER I RAWLSIAN LIBERALISM AND NOZICKEAN LIBERTARIANISM For if you suffer your people to be ill-educated, and their manners to be corrupted from their infancy, and then punish them for those crimes to which their first education disposed them, what else is to be concluded from this, but that you first make thieves and then punish them?1 The ideological guidelines of social policy are not only the result of economic change, they are also result of the political philosophy values these policies are meant to promote.
The objective of this chapter is to assess two theories that advocate distinct policies.
State-run pension schemes find their political philosophy roots in John Rawls’ social justice.
The privatization of these pension programs follows libertarian premises advanced by Robert Nozick.
Due to the current global tendency towards some sort of pension privatization, it is critical to understand the fundamental objectives of the theories behind the two policies, to determine which is a more suitable theoretical guideline for social policy. In the United States, the creation of the liberal Welfare State2 after the Second World War found its justification in John Rawls’ liberalism and his understanding of social justice.3 Rawlsian liberalism promotes freedom and liberty for all to exercise their individuality.
The manner in which Rawls advances the importance of individuality is through the recognition and respect of the inherent difference between individuals in society; not only because of the 1 Thomas More, Utopia (July 1993 [cited April 23, 2009] Internet Wiretap) ed.
Kirk Crady: available from http:--oregonstate.edu-instruct-phl302-texts-more-utopia-I.html 2 There is a considerable difference between the United States liberal Welfare State and social-democratic Welfare States that characterize those of Scandinavian countries.
The main difference between these two is that Scandinavian countries have extensive social policy that awards considerable amo...






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