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Ortíz Pérez, María José
- Capítulo 4. Result-
A corpus based study of the evolution of be like as a
quotative to report either direct speech or internal
thought in American English
-- Licenciatura en Idiomas. - Departamento de
Lenguas. - Escuela de Artes y
Humanidades, - Universidad de las Américas
Puebla.


Introducción



A corpus based study of be like to report direct speech or internal thought 35 4 Results In this section, the information that appeared in the Analysis section will be interpreted and supported by the chi square significance test and literature from previous studies by other authors.
After observing all the charts through all the tenses and persons, some interesting constants can be clearly seen, such as the downslope in the years 2005 and 2013, and the high jump in 2015.
This is clearly evident in in Figure 1 below, which compiles all grammatical persons and tenses.
This only comprises be like as a quotative.
All other functions of like, such as a preposition, focuser, adverb, and reaction phrase will be discussed in the next sub-section. Figure 1.
Chart for be like as a quotative The quotative use of be like has a constant but slow increase, though from the years 2003 to 2005 and 2011 to 2013 there is a small decrease, the reason being that this year simply reported fewer numbers in general.
Since in most charts this downslope and the A corpus based study of be like to report direct speech or internal thought 36 increase in 2015 is present, I decided to divide the years from 2003 to 2011 and 2013 to 2015 for the future chi square significance tests that will be shown shortly.
This should allow us to tell if the 2013 downslope is statistically significant. 4.1 General Taking into account that quotative be like was first discussed by Butters in 1982, and that past research has pointed out how relatively fast its use has grown in several English speaking communities around the globe (Barbieri, 2009; Buchstaller, 2001), it is not surprising to see it as the primary use of like as late as 2003, as seen in Figure 2 below. Figure 2.
Chart for functions of like What is surprising then, is the exponential rate at which the raw frequency increases, especially after comparing it with its other uses.
In the earliest year, it easily doubled the other uses in sheer concor...





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