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Teague, Brad Landon
- Capítulo 1. Introduction
and Literature Revie-
A Comparative Study of Attitudes toward Literacy:
Parents, Students, and Teachers in a Mexican Elementary
School
-- Maestría en
Lingüística Aplicada. - Departamento de Lenguas. - Escuela de Artes y Humanidades, - Universidad de las
Américas Puebla.


Introducción



CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCT ION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 1. Introduction 1.1. Overview 1.1.1.
Theories of Literacy Research on the topic of literacy is abundant.
Any library or internet search on this subject undoubtedly reveals hundreds or even thousands of available published materials.
However, recently the term literacy has come to include so many varied meanings that nowadays only a select number of the aforementioned sources deal directly with reading and writing.
In fact, Braslavsky (2003:7-8) comments that the Diccionario de Alfabetización de la Asociación Internacional de Lectura [International Reading Association’s Literacy Dictionary] lists a total of thirty-eight different types of literacy, including reading and writing skills, functional and social dimensions, specific competencies, and liberation strategies (Harris and Hodges, 1995: 140).
Other researchers (Barton, 1999; Barton & Hamilton, 2000) make note of similar definitions. When the semantic scope of literacy is limited to reading and writing, there are similarly different theories that debate the precise definition of literacy.
More specifically, while psychologists discuss literacy in terms of static, universal abilities, sociologists and anthropologists argue that it exists as a social practice, and thus that it must be analyzed not only in the mind, but also within particular contexts.
Freire and Macedo (1989: 149) describe the psychological viewpoint as follows: “according to the cognitive development model, reading is conceived as a type of intellectual progress, achieved through a series of fixed, universal stages of development…” (my translation). In contrast, proponents of literacy as a social phenomenon claim that literacy practices 1 vary depending on the setting and that these practices lik ewise revolve around cultural ways of using and making sense of literacy, including personal and collective attitudes and values (Barton et al., 2000). 1.1.2.
Objectives of Study The present...






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