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Abstract

An input distance function IDF is estimated to empirically evaluate and analyze the technical and environmental efficiencies of 210 farms located in the Chaudière watershed Quebec, where water quality problems are particularly acute because of the production of undesirable outputs that are jointly produced with agricultural products. The true IDF is approximated by a flexible translog functional form estimated using a full information maximum likelihood method. Technical and environmental efficiencies are disaggregated across farms and account for spatial variations. Our results show that there is a significant correlation between technical and environmental efficiencies. The IDF is used to compute the cumulative Malmquist productivity index and the Fisher index. The two indices are used to measure changes in technology, profitability, efficiency, and productivity in response to the adoption of 2 selected best management practices BMPs whose objective is to reduce water pollution. We found significant differences across BMPs regarding the direction and the magnitude of their effect on profitability, efficiency and productivity.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Technical and Environmental efficiencies and Best Management Practices in Agriculture-

English Title: Technical and Environmental efficiencies and Best Management Practices in Agriculture-

Language: English-

Keywords: Environmental efficiency, distance function, phosphorus runoff, productivity, profitability, technical efficiency.-

Subjects: Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q52 - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs ; Distributional Effects ; Employment EffectsC - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C4 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics > C43 - Index Numbers and AggregationQ - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation > Q25 - Water-





Autor: Tamini, Lota D.

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18964/







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