Depression as a Nash Equilibrium Consisting of Strategies of Choosing a Pareto Inefficient Transition Path Reportar como inadecuado




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Abstract

This paper shows that a Nash equilibrium consisting of strategies of choosing a Pareto inefficient transition path is selected by households even without frictions as a result of the revealed government failure in supervision of financial markets. The Pareto inefficiency causes the generation of many of the phenomena observed in a depression e.g., a persistently large amount of unutilized resources, and it is not necessary to use -animal spirits- to explain the generation of a depression. The revealed government failure in the supervision of financial markets and the resulting increased policy-induced uncertainty makes non-cooperative and risk-averse households behave more myopically, resulting in a Nash equilibrium of a Pareto inefficient path. When the failure of financial supervision is revealed, the household rate of time preference shifts upwards when the expected variance of steady-state consumption increases and-or its expected value shifts downwards.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Depression as a Nash Equilibrium Consisting of Strategies of Choosing a Pareto Inefficient Transition Path-

Language: English-

Keywords: Depression; Pareto efficiency; Nash equilibrium; Time preference; Financial supervision-

Subjects: D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D50 - GeneralE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations ; CyclesE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy > E24 - Employment ; Unemployment ; Wages ; Intergenerational Income Distribution ; Aggregate Human Capital ; Aggregate Labor ProductivityD - Microeconomics > D9 - Intertemporal Choice > D91 - Intertemporal Household Choice ; Life Cycle Models and SavingG - Financial Economics > G2 - Financial Institutions and Services > G28 - Government Policy and RegulationE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy > E21 - Consumption ; Saving ; Wealth-





Autor: Harashima, Taiji

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18953/







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