The role of real and nominal variables in defining business cycles: dynamic properties of a hybrid model - an alternative view Reportar como inadecuado




The role of real and nominal variables in defining business cycles: dynamic properties of a hybrid model - an alternative view - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

Abstract

The paper provides an alternative view to the Real and New Keynesian business cycle theories. The paper focuses on the combination of both real and nominal variables in explaining the cyclical movements of business cycles. We propose using Vector Autoregressive VAR technique on the production function approach in order to empirically assess the relative importance of both real and nominal variables in defining the shape of a business cycle or output gap. An economy-specific variable inflation is introduced in the production function and is used to control the severity, persistence and magnitude of a given real shock. The model employed is tested in four countries namely: United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and Germany. The results show that indeed real and nominal variables play an important and major role in explaining movements in business fluctuations. The bulk of impulse responses given a real shock to the output gap may also be attributed to movements in nominal variables mainly as a result of inflationary movements. This economy specific parameter conveys the same message that Ragnar Frisch hypothesized in 1933 based on his ‘rocking-horse theory’. The paper thus provides policy makers to identify key choice variables to use when reducing the impact of shocks in a given economy within a specified period of time.



Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: The role of real and nominal variables in defining business cycles: dynamic properties of a hybrid model - an alternative view-

English Title: The role of real and nominal variables in defining business cycles: dynamic properties of a hybrid model - an alternative view-

Language: English-

Keywords: Business cycle; Vector autoregression; Impulse and propagation mechanisms; Hodrick-Prescott filter; Production function approach.-

Subjects: E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E32 - Business Fluctuations ; CyclesE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E3 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles > E31 - Price Level ; Inflation ; DeflationE - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E5 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit > E52 - Monetary Policy-





Autor: Chirwa, Themba G.

Fuente: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18949/



DESCARGAR PDF




Documentos relacionados