Social support and HIV-STDs infections among a probability-based sample of rural married migrant women in Shandong Province, ChinaReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 15:1170

First Online: 24 November 2015Received: 25 May 2015Accepted: 17 November 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2508-5

Cite this article as: Ma, W., Kang, D., Song, Y. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 1170. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2508-5

Abstract

BackgroundThe increasing population of marriage-based migrant women is disproportionally affected by AIDS-STDs in China, and social support plays a critical role. This study aims to describe the social support level received by married migrant women in rural areas in Shandong province in comparison to non-migrant local women, identifies the relevant factors of this social support condition among married migrant women, and observes the correlation between social support level and infection status of AIDS and STDs among this group.

MethodsA probability-based sample of 1,076 migrant and 1,195 local women were included in the study. A pre-tested field questionnaire was administered to participants through a direct face-to-face interview. Questionnaire contained questions on socio-demographic information, AIDS and STDs prevalence information and Social Support Rating Scale SSRS which measures objective support, subjective support, and utilization of social support.

ResultsCompared to local women, married migrant women had lower levels of social support in most dimensions. Multi-variable analysis revealed that relationship with spouse, family average income, number of children, education, engagement and claimed reasons of moving have various correlations with one or all dimensions of social support scores. Higher social support is also related to awareness of infection status of HIV and STDs among this group.

ConclusionOur findings provide further evidence that married migrant women have lower levels of social support which may be related to some social characteristics and their awareness status of AIDS and STDs infection status and that targeted interventions need to be developed for this population.

KeywordsHIV-AIDS Migrant women Social support China AbbreviationsAIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus

STDSexually Transmitted Disease

ANOVAAnalysis of Variance

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Autor: Wenkang Ma - Dianmin Kang - Yapei Song - Chongyi Wei - Gifty Marley - Wei Ma

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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