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BMC Public Health

, 8:375

First Online: 28 October 2008Received: 23 May 2008Accepted: 28 October 2008DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-8-375

Cite this article as: Ompad, D.C., Fuller, C.M., Chan, C.A. et al. BMC Public Health 2008 8: 375. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-8-375

Abstract

BackgroundDespite growing concern about illicit methadone use in the US and other countries, there is little data about the prevalence and correlates of methadone use in large urban areas. We assessed the prevalence and examined correlates of lifetime and recent illicit methadone use in New York City NYC.

Methods1,415 heroin, crack, and cocaine users aged 15–40 years were recruited in NYC between 2000 and 2004 to complete interviewer-administered questionnaires.

ResultsIn multivariable logistic regression, non-injection drug users who used illicit methadone were more likely to be heroin dependent, less than daily methamphetamine users and to have a heroin using sex partner in the last two months. Injection drug users who used illicit methadone were more likely to use heroin daily, share injection paraphernalia and less likely to have been in a detoxification program and to have not used marijuana in the last six months.

ConclusionThe results overall suggest that illicit or street methadone use is likely not a primary drug of choice, but is instead more common in concert with other illicit drug use.

List of abbreviationsAORadjusted odds ratio

CIconfidence interval

HBVhepatitis B virus

HCVhepatitis C virus

IDUinjection drug user

MMTPmethadone maintenance treatment programs

MSMmen who have sex with men

NIDUnon-injection drug user

NYCNew York City

ORodds ratio

USUnited States

WSWwomen who have sex with women.

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Autor: Danielle C Ompad - Crystal M Fuller - Christina A Chan - Victoria Frye - David Vlahov - Sandro Galea

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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