Increased prevalence and incidence of anemia among adults in transforming rural China: two cross-sectional surveysReport as inadecuate

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BMC Public Health

, 15:1302

First Online: 28 December 2015Received: 02 June 2015Accepted: 21 December 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12889-015-2671-8

Cite this article as: Wang, X., Wu, Z., Chen, Y. et al. BMC Public Health 2015 15: 1302. doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2671-8


BackgroundAnemia remains one of the serious nutrition-related diseases in China, but data on incidence of anemia were less available, especially in rural area which are experiencing rapid urbanization. Out study aimed to estimate both the prevalence and incidence of anemia in transforming rural China.

MethodsWe conducted a combined study of rural adults 18–64 years of age with a repeated cross-sectional component 4456 in 2006 and 2184 in 2008 and a cohort component 1424 in rural Deqing, China. Anemia was diagnosed based on blood hemoglobin levels using the hemiglobincyanide HiCN method according to both the World Health Organization WHO and Chinese criteria. The prevalence and incidence of anemia and their 95 % confidential intervals 95 % CI were calculated.

ResultsThe prevalence of anemia based on the WHO criteria was 51.5 % in 2006 and 53.7 % in 2008, and the 2-year cumulative incidence was 42.1 %. Of the cases, over 95 % had mild anemia. The prevalence was much lower when the Chinese criteria was used. Both the prevalence and incidence were higher in women than in men and significantly increased with age in men. In both sexes, the incidence sharply increased after 45 years of age.

ConclusionOur study showed a high prevalence and incidence of anemia among adults in rural Deqing, China. Monitoring and intervention were needed urgently, especially among individuals over 45 years of age.

KeywordsAnemia Prevalence Incidence Rural China AbbreviationsHiCNhemiglobincyanide

WHOWorld Health Organization

CNChinese criteria

BMIBody Mass Index

CDCCenter for Disease Control

Xuecai Wang and Zhaofan Wu contributed equally to this work.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12889-015-2671-8 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Xuecai Wang - Zhaofan Wu - Yue Chen - Jianfu Zhu - Xiaolian Dong - Chaowei Fu - Qingwu Jiang


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