Vowel context and frequency effects in dorsal and coronal acquisition in Drehu and FrenchReportar como inadecuado

Vowel context and frequency effects in dorsal and coronal acquisition in Drehu and French - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

* Corresponding author 1 GIPSA-PCMD - PCMD GIPSA-DPC - Département Parole et Cognition 2 EA Centre des Nouvelles Etudes sur le Pacifique 3 Department of Linguistics 4 Waisman Center

Abstract : Age-typical misarticulations in phonological development that are attested in any given language might be explained by universal -markedness constraints- or by language-specific -phonotactic constraints-. The present study examines Drehu an Austronesian language spoken in New Caledonia and French developmental data on k and t in different vowel contexts. The study of growth in accuracy by age for word-initial k and t in 3 vowel contexts shows that both stops are mastered early in both languages, but k is somewhat more accurate for the youngest children. In addition, the difference in accuracy is modulated by vowel context. The greater accuracy of k before u in Drehu is in keeping with the intrinsic difficulty of producing coronal constrictions before back vowels described in the frame-content account of markedness universals based on the mandibular cycle. The greater accuracy of k before i in French, on the other hand, is unexpected. The relationship between mean accuracy of k or t and CV frequencies derived from two corpora of child-directed speech was examined for the youngest children. The otherwise puzzling effects of the front-vowel context on accuracy of t seem to reflect the very low frequency of the ti sequence in both languages. The relative accuracy of t and k in development reflects the markedness of particular combinations of lingual stop and coarticulated vowel, as modulated by language-specific phonotactics.

Keywords : lexical frequency Phonological development Drehu Austronesian language language-specific universal French

Autor: Julia Monnin - Hélène Loevenbruck - Mary Beckman - Jan Edwards -

Fuente: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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