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BMC Public Health

, 16:237

Chronic Disease epidemiology

Abstract

BackgroundHitherto, a population-based analysis of the cause of death in urban areas of Western China has not been undertaken over an extended period. The aims of this study were to calculate the overall and annual cause-specific mortality rates by age and sex in urban areas of Western China from 2003 to 2012 and to evaluate the quality of the data.

MethodsWe used Excel software, cause-of-death registrations, and International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, codes to calculate the overall and yearly cause-specific crude mortality rates by age and sex, the Chinese age-standardized mortality rate, and life expectancies.

ResultsIn the Jiulongpo District from 2003 to 2012, there was an increase in the number of death case reports in the census-registered population, a decrease in the number of omitted deaths, and rise in the crude mortality rate. Except for 2003, the Chinese age-standardized mortality rate was the lowest in 2012 330.83-100,000 and highest in 2005 390.08-100,000. Life expectancy increased from 78.36 years in 2005 to 81.67 years in 2012.

ConclusionsWith the development of its social economy, the Chinese government and public attach greater importance to cause-of-death surveillance. The quality of cause-of-death registrations has gradually increased, crude mortality rates have risen, the Chinese age-standardized mortality rate has fallen, and life expectancies have increased.

KeywordsCause-of-death surveillance Life expectancy China Chongqing Urban AbbreviationsGBD 2010Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010

G20the Group of twenty countries

CDCCenter for Disease Control and Prevention

CMRthe crude mortality rate

ICD-10International Statistical Classification of Diseases, 10th revision

CASMRChinese age-standardized mortality rate

TBTuberculosis

AIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

GBD 2013The Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus

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Autor: Deng Shi-min - Rong Shun-kang - Yao Yuan-qing - Qian Jun - Huang Jing - Li Nan - Zhou Ren-jiang

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/



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