Phoenix Is Required for Mechanosensory Hair Cell Regeneration in the Zebrafish Lateral LineReportar como inadecuado




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Resumen

In humans, the absence or irreversible loss of hair cells, the sensory mechanoreceptors in the cochlea, accounts for a largemajority of acquired and congenital hearing disorders. In the auditory and vestibular neuroepithelia of the inner ear, haircells are accompanied by another cell type called supporting cells. This second cell population has been described as havingstem cell-like properties, allowing efficient hair cell replacement during embryonic and larval-fetal development of allvertebrates. However, mammals lose their regenerative capacity in most inner ear neuroepithelia in postnatal life.Remarkably, reptiles, birds, amphibians, and fish are different in that they can regenerate hair cells throughout their lifespan.The lateral line in amphibians and in fish is an additional sensory organ, which is used to detect water movements and iscomprised of neuroepithelial patches, called neuromasts. These are similar in ultra-structure to the inner ear’s neuroepitheliaand they share the expression of various molecular markers. We examined the regeneration process in hair cells of thelateral line of zebrafish larvae carrying a retroviral integration in a previously uncharacterized gene, phoenix pho. Phoenixmutant larvae develop normally and display a morphologically intact lateral line. However, after ablation of hair cells withcopper or neomycin, their regeneration in pho mutants is severely impaired. We show that proliferation in the supportingcells is strongly decreased after damage to hair cells and correlates with the reduction of newly formed hair cells in theregenerating phoenix mutant neuromasts. The retroviral integration linked to the phenotype is in a novel gene with noknown homologs showing high expression in neuromast supporting cells. Whereas its role during early development of thelateral line remains to be addressed, in later larval stages phoenix defines a new class of proteins implicated in hair cellregeneration.



Autor: Behra, Martine; - Bradsher, John; - Sougrat, Rachid; - Gallardo, Viviana E.; - Allende Connelly, Miguel; - Burgess, Shawn M.; -

Fuente: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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