Prevalence and antibiotic resistance pattern of urinary tract bacterial infections in Dessie area, North-East EthiopiaReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Research Notes

, 7:687

First Online: 03 October 2014Received: 26 December 2012Accepted: 17 September 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-687

Cite this article as: Abejew, A.A., Denboba, A.A. & Mekonnen, A.G. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 687. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-687


BackgroundDifferent studies have indicated that urinary tract infections frequently occur in both community and hospital environments and are of the most common bacterial infections in humans. the outcomes of urinary tract infections are increased hospitalization, increased direct patient costs and mortality. In Dessie, the prevalence of the commmon pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility pattern is not well studied sofar. Thus, the aim of this study is to address these gaps in the study area.

MethodsRetrospective study was conducted in Dessie regional health reseacrh laboratory from January 1-March 31, 2012. All culture and antibiotic susceptibility test results of patients’ diagnosed with UTI from September 2002 to September 2011 G.C were included in the study. Data were abstracted using structured questionnaires and finally, entered into SPSS Windows version 16.0, and descriptive statistics was generated to meet the study objective.

ResultsDuring the last ten years 680 27.35% bacteria were isolated in the regional laboratory. The most commonly isolated were E. coli 410 60.29%, Pseudomonas species 59 8.68%, Proteus species 53 7.79%, S. aurous 50 7.35% and Klebsiella species 40 5.88%. The E.coli were susceptible to Nitrofurantoin 43 89.6%, furantoin 124 87.3%, Nalidixic acid 91 86.7%, kanamycin 116 80% and ciprofloxacin 66 71.7% but were almost resistant to Ampicillin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Similarly Pseudomonas and proteus species were resistant to almost all antibiotics except Gentamycin.

ConclusionThe E.coli, pseudomonas and proteus species were the commonly isolated bacteria in the regional health research laboratory. A majority of isolated bacterial microbes were resistant to antibiotics commonly used in clinical practices and generally available in the local economy without prescription. Culture results are necessary before initiating antibiotics.

KeywordsUTI Prevalence Antibiotic Susceptibility Resistance Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-687 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Asrat Agalu Abejew - Ayele A Denboba - Alemayehu Gashaw Mekonnen


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