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, 15:385

First Online: 03 October 2014Received: 08 July 2014Accepted: 15 September 2014DOI: 10.1186-1745-6215-15-385

Cite this article as: Milgrom, J. & Holt, C. Trials 2014 15: 385. doi:10.1186-1745-6215-15-385


BackgroundAt least 13% of mothers experience depression in the first postnatal year, with accompanying feelings of despair and a range of debilitating symptoms. Serious sequelae include disturbances in the mother-infant relationship and poor long-term cognitive and behavioural outcomes for the child. Surprisingly, treatment of maternal symptoms of postnatal depression does not improve the mother-infant relationship for a majority of women. Targeted interventions to improve the mother-infant relationship following postnatal depression are scarce and, of those that exist, the majority are not evaluated in randomised controlled trials. This study aims to evaluate a brief targeted mother-infant intervention, to follow cognitive behavioural therapy treatment of postnatal depression, which has the potential to improve developmental outcomes of children of depressed mothers.

Methods-DesignThe proposed study is a two-arm randomised controlled trial with follow-up to 6 months. One hundred participants will be recruited via referrals from health professionals including maternal and child health nurses and general practitioners, as well as self-referrals from women who have seen promotional materials for the study. Women who meet inclusion criteria infant aged <12 months, women 18+ years of age will complete the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV-TR Axis I Disorders. Those with a clinical diagnosis of current major or minor depressive disorder and who do not meet exclusion criteria that is, currently receiving treatment for depression, significant difficulty with English, medium to high suicide risk, current self-harm, current substance abuse, current post-traumatic stress disorder, current manic-hypomanic episode or psychotic symptoms will be randomised to receive either a 4-session mother-infant intervention HUGS: Happiness Understanding Giving and Sharing or a 4-session attention placebo playgroup Playtime following a 12-session postnatal depression group treatment programme. Primary outcome measures are the Parenting Stress Index self-report measure and the Parent-child Early Relational Assessment observational measure coded by a blinded observer. Measurements are taken at baseline, after the postnatal depression programme, post-HUGS-Playtime, and at 6 months post-HUGS-Playtime.

DiscussionThis research addresses the need for specific treatment for mother-infant interactional difficulties following postnatal depression. There is a need to investigate interventions in randomised trials to prevent detrimental effects on child development and make available evidence-based treatments.

Trial registrationAustralia and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register: ACTRN12612001110875. Date Registered: 17 October 2012.

KeywordsPostnatal depression Mother-infant difficulties Randomised controlled trial AbbreviationsHUGSHappiness Understanding Giving and Sharing

PCERAParent-child Early Relational Assessment

PNDpostnatal depression

PSIParenting Stress Index

RCTrandomised controlled trial.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1745-6215-15-385 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Jeannette Milgrom - Charlene Holt

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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