Subtoxic levels of hydrogen peroxide induce brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression to protect PC12 cellsReport as inadecuate

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BMC Research Notes

, 7:840



BackgroundOxidative stress is one of the mechanisms underlying pathogenesis in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease. Generally, oxidative stress represents cell toxicity; however, we recently found that oxidative stress promotes the expression of growth factor progranulin PGRN in HT22 murine hippocampus cells, thereby protecting the HT22 cells. In this study, we attempted to clarify whether a similar system exists in the other neuronal cell model, rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells.

ResultsAfter confirming that high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide H2O2; 100–250 μM initiate PC12 cell death, we analyzed growth factor expressional changes after H2O2 treatment. We found, intriguingly, that gene expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor BDNF, but not PGRN was significantly induced by H2O2. Although little expression of the high affinity BDNF receptor tropomyosin-related kinase TrkB was observed in PC12 cells, expression of low affinity neurotrophin receptor, p75NTR, was clearly observed. This BDNF signaling appeared to contribute to PC12 cell protection, since PC12 cell death was significantly attenuated by BDNF treatment.

ConclusionsBased on our results, we conclude that the induction of BDNF by subtoxic levels of H2O2 and its signaling may have roles in PC12 cell protection.

KeywordsOxidative stress BDNF PC12 cells Cell death AbbreviationsBSABovine serum albumin

DMEMDulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium

LDHLactate dehydrogenase

NGFNerve growth factor

PCRPolymerase chain reaction

PBSPhosphate-buffered saline

TBSTris-buffered saline.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-840 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Yurina Ogura - Kazunori Sato - Ken-Ichi Kawashima - Nanako Kobayashi - Sei Imura - Kotaro Fujino - Hideo Kawaguchi - Taku 



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