Association between HIF-1α C1772T-G1790A polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis based on 40 case-control studiesReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Cancer

, 14:950

Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Abstract

BackgroundHIF-1 hypoxia-inducible factor 1 is a transcriptional activator that functions as a critical regulator of oxygen homeostasis. Recently, a large number of epidemiological studies have investigated the relationship between HIF-1α C1772T-G1790A polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility. However, the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis on all of the available case-control studies to systematically summarize the possible association.

MethodsA literature search was performed using PubMed and the Web of Science database to obtain relevant published studies. Pooled odds ratios ORs and corresponding 95% confidence intervals CIs for the relationship between HIF-1α C1772T-G1790A polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility were calculated using fixed- and random-effects models when appropriate. Heterogeneity tests, sensitivity analyses and publication bias assessments were also performed in our meta-analysis.

ResultsA total of 40 studies met the inclusion criteria were included in the meta-analysis: 40 studies comprised of 10869 cases and 14289 controls for the HIF-1α C1772T polymorphism and 30 studies comprised of 7117 cases and 10442 controls for the HIF-1α G1790A polymorphism. The results demonstrated that there were significant association between the HIF-1α C1772T polymorphism and cancer susceptibility under four genetic models TT vs. CC: OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 1.02-2.60; CT + TT vs. CC: OR = 1.15, 95% CI = 1.01-1.34; TT vs. CT + CC: OR = 2.11, 95% CI = 1.32-3.77; T vs. C: OR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.04-1.41. Similarly, the statistically significant association between the HIF-1α G1790A polymorphism and cancer susceptibility was found to be consistently strong in all of the genetic models. Moreover, increased cancer risk was observed when the data were stratified by cancer type, ethnicity and the source of controls.

ConclusionsThis meta-analysis demonstrates that both the C1772T and G1790A polymorphisms in the HIF-1α gene likely contribute to increased cancer susceptibility, especially in the Asian population and in breast cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer and oral cancer. However, further research is necessary to evaluate the relationship between these polymorphisms and cancer risk.

KeywordsHIF-1 gene Polymorphism Cancer Susceptibility Meta-analysis Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2407-14-950 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Qing Yan, Pin Chen, Songtao Wang contributed equally to this work.

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Autor: Qing Yan - Pin Chen - Songtao Wang - Ning Liu - Peng Zhao - Aihua Gu

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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