Disclosure of congenital cleft lip and palate to Japanese patients: reported patient experiences and relationship to self-esteemReportar como inadecuado

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BMC Research Notes

, 7:924

First Online: 16 December 2014Received: 10 September 2013Accepted: 12 December 2014DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-7-924

Cite this article as: Omiya, T., Ito, M. & Yamazaki, Y. BMC Res Notes 2014 7: 924. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-924


BackgroundThe present study investigated when and how Japanese people with cleft lip and palate CL-P learn that their condition is congenital; the perceived effects of withholding the CL-P diagnosis on patients; and whether the resulting social experience and self-esteem are related. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 71 adults with CL-P recruited through a hospital, a patients’ association, and by snowball sampling.

ResultsThe participants became aware of their physical difference in childhood, but many reported difficulty in understanding their condition. Participants reported that their families avoided the topic of diagnosis. Participants who understood their condition during childhood rather than in adulthood were significantly more likely to consider this scenario as positive p < 0.001. Although stigmatising experiences were extremely painful, most patients hid their suffering, making it more difficult to obtain social support. Participants with high self-esteem were more likely to feel that they received adequate support.

ConclusionsIt is important to explain the congenital nature of CL-P sufficiently and early. In addition, openness by the family about the diagnosis, rather than avoidance, may improve patients’ self-esteem. Sufficient support from family, health care providers, and significant others is needed for patients to develop adequate self-esteem.

KeywordsCleft lip and cleft palate Self-esteem Self-stigma Disclosure Japan Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-7-924 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Tomoko Omiya - Mikiko Ito - Yoshihiko Yamazaki

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/

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