Risk factors for bone mineral density at the calcaneus in 40–59 year-old male workers: A cross-sectional study in KoreaReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Public Health

, 8:253

First Online: 23 July 2008Received: 01 November 2007Accepted: 23 July 2008DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-8-253

Cite this article as: Seo, HJ., Kim, SG. & Kim, CS. BMC Public Health 2008 8: 253. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-8-253

Abstract

BackgroundFew epidemiologic studies have attempted to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for osteopenia and osteoporosis in middle-aged Asian men. We performed this study to determine the prevalence and risk factors of osteopenia and osteoporosis in this population.

MethodsThis cross-sectional study was conducted from March to July, 2004. The subjects were 2,073 males aged from 40 to 59 years in the KHNP Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power workplace-based cohort. Bone mineral density BMD was measured by peripheral, dual-energy, X-ray absorptiometry DXA at the calcaneus. Anthropometric and lifestyle factors were investigated using a standard, self-reported questionnaire.

ResultsBMD was 0.60 ± 0.09 g-cm mean ± standard deviation and was negatively correlated with age r = -0.18, P < 0.001, but positively correlated with waist-to-hip ratio WHR; r = 0.15, P < 0.001, body fat r = 0.10, P < 0.001, BMI r = 0.35, P < 0.001, height r = 0.26, P < 0.001, and weight r = 0.43, P < 0.001.

In multiple linear regression analysis, the independent determinants associated with BMD were increasing age coefficient = -0.002, P < 0.001, physical activity ≤ 2-week vs. ≥ 3-week; coefficient = 0.017, P < 0.001, WHR coefficient = -0.796, P < 0.001, body mass index BMI; coefficient = 0.023, P < 0.001 and smoking status never vs. ever; coefficient = -0.018, P < 0.001.

ConclusionWe suggest that BMD of the calcaneus is correlated negatively with exposure to smoke and increased WHR, but positively with regular exercise and increased BMI.

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Autor: Hyun-Ju Seo - Soo-Geun Kim - Chong-Soon Kim

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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