Prevalence and factors associated with VIA positive result among clients screened at Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia, south west area office, Jimma model clinic, Jimma, Ethiopia 2013: a cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado




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BMC Research Notes

, 8:618

Womens Health

Abstract

BackgroundCervical cancer is the 2nd most frequent and top killer cancer among women in Ethiopia. Prevalence and factors associated with visual inspection with acetic acid VIA positive result is not studied yet at the study area.

MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted at Jimma model clinic of Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia, from September 11, 2013 to October 11, 2013. Pertinent data of 334 screened clients were transferred to Epidata version3.1 using checklist, double data entry verification done and exported to SPSS version16.0. After cleaning the data, descriptive analysis was done and logistic regression model employed to identify predictors of VIA positive result. Statistical significance was declared at P < 0.05.

ResultsOut of 334 screened clients, 43 12.9 % had VIA positive result. Initiation of sexual intercourse earlier than 16 years was found to be an independent predictor increasing the risk of VIA positive by 2.2 times as compared to clients who started at the age of 16 or more years AOR 95 % CI = 2.2 1.1, 4.3.

ConclusionsEarly initiation of sexual intercourse was an independent predictor of VIA positive result in this study. Thus, any cervical cancer prevention and control effort at the study area should address the problem of early initiation of sexual intercourse.

KeywordsCervical cancer Visual inspection with acetic acid VIA positive result Cryotherapy AbbreviationsAIDSacquired immuno-deficiency syndrome

AORadjusted odds ratio

CIconfidence interval

CORcrude odds ratio

FGAEFamily Guidance Association of Ethiopia

FMOHFederal Ministry of Health

HAARThighly active antiretroviral therapy

HIVhuman immunodeficiency virus

HPVhuman papilloma virus

JMCJimma model clinic

JUSHJimma University specialized hospital

LMICslow and middle income countries

ORodds ratio

PLWHApeople living with HIV-AIDS

SCJsquamo-columnar junction

SDstandard deviation

SPIRESStanford University Program for International Reproductive Education and Services

STIsexually transmitted infections

VIAvisual inspection with acetic acid

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13104-015-1594-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Zewdie Mulissa Deksissa - Fessahaye Alemseged Tesfamichael - Henok Assefa Ferede

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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