Slow slip and the transition from fast to slow fronts in the rupture of frictional interfacesReport as inadecuate

Slow slip and the transition from fast to slow fronts in the rupture of frictional interfaces - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

1 Department of Physics Oslo 2 LTDS - Laboratoire de Tribologie et Dynamique des Systèmes 3 Physics and Astronomy

Abstract : The failure of the population of micro-junctions forming the frictional interface between two solids is central to fields ranging from biomechanics to seismology. This failure is mediated by the propagation along the interface of various types of rupture fronts, covering a wide range of velocities. Among them are so-called slow fronts, which are recently discovered fronts much slower than the materials- sound speeds. Despite intense modelling activity, the mechanisms underlying slow fronts remain elusive. Here, we introduce a multi-scale model capable of reproducing both the transition from fast to slow fronts in a single rupture event and the short-time slip dynamics observed in recent experiments. We identify slow slip immediately following the arrest of a fast front as a phenomenon sufficient for the front to propagate further at a much slower pace. Whether slow fronts are actually observed is controlled both by the interfacial stresses and by the width of the local distribution of forces among micro-junctions. Our results show that slow fronts are qualitatively different from faster fronts. Since the transition from fast to slow fronts is potentially as generic as slow slip, we anticipate that it might occur in the wide range of systems in which slow slip has been reported, including seismic faults.

Keywords : friction multiscale modeling onset of sliding stick-slip

Author: Jørgen Trømborg - Henrik Sveinsson - Julien Scheibert - Kjetil Thøgersen - David Skålid Amundsen - Anders Malthe-Sørenssen -



Related documents