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BMC Public Health

, 6:177

First Online: 06 July 2006Received: 12 September 2005Accepted: 06 July 2006DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-6-177

Cite this article as: Latthe, P., Latthe, M., Say, L. et al. BMC Public Health 2006 6: 177. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-6-177

Abstract

BackgroundHealth care planning for chronic pelvic pain CPP, an important cause of morbidity amongst women is hampered due to lack of clear collated summaries of its basic epidemiological data. We systematically reviewed worldwide literature on the prevalence of different types of CPP to assess the geographical distribution of data, and to explore sources of variation in its estimates.

MethodsWe identified data available from Medline 1966 to 2004, Embase 1980 to 2004, PsycINFO 1887 to 2003, LILACS 1982 to 2004, Science Citation index, CINAHL January 1980 to 2004 and hand searching of reference lists. Two reviewers extracted data independently, using a piloted form, on participants- characteristics, study quality and rates of CPP. We considered a study to be of high quality valid if had at least three of the following features: prospective design, validated measurement tool, adequate sampling method, sample size estimation and response rate >80%. We performed both univariate and multivariate meta-regression analysis to explore heterogeneity of results across studies.

ResultsThere were 178 studies 459975 participants in 148 articles. Of these, 106 studies were 124259 participants on dysmenorrhoea, 54 35973 participants on dyspareunia and 18 301756 participants on noncyclical pain. There were only 19-95 20% less developed and 1-45 2.2% least developed countries with relevant data in contrast to 22-43 51.2% developed countries. Meta-regression analysis showed that rates of pain varied according to study quality features. There were 40 22.5% high quality studies with representative samples. Amongst them, the rate of dysmenorrhoea was 16.8 to 81%, that of dyspareunia was 8 to 21.8%, and that for noncyclical pain was 2.1 to 24%.

ConclusionThere were few valid population based estimates of disease burden due to CPP from less developed countries. The variation in rates of CPP worldwide was due to variable study quality. Where valid data were available, a high disease burden of all types of pelvic pain was found.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-6-177 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Autor: Pallavi Latthe - Manish Latthe - Lale Say - Metin Gülmezoglu - Khalid S Khan

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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