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I examine whether the availability of health coverage through the spouse’s health plan influences a married woman’s decision to become self-employed. The Tax Reform Act of 1986 TRA86 introduced a tax subsidy for the self-employed to purchase their own health insurance. I test whether this ‘natural’ experiment induced more women without spousal health insurance cov-erage to select into self-employment. The difference-in-difference estimates based on an analysis of employed women indicate that the incidence of self-employment among women who did not enjoy spousal health benefits rose significantly - between 14% and 25% - in the post-TRA86 pe- riod, while a multinomial specification based on a sample of both employed and non-employed women suggests that the increase was around 9%.

Item Type: MPRA Paper -

Original Title: Taxes, Health Insurance and Women’s Self-Employment-

Language: English-

Keywords: Health Insurance; Self-Employment-

Subjects: J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor CostsJ - Labor and Demographic Economics > J0 - GeneralI - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health-

Autor: Velamuri, Malathi


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