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BMC Research Notes

, 9:178

Women-s Health


BackgroundViolence against women is a global public health problem occurring in multitude of contexts and domestic violence is considered to be the most pervasive one. Poor enforcement of policies, limitation of researches and expertise in this field largely accounts for persistence of this problem and nature of domestic violence and its associated factors are poorly understood.

ObjectivesThis research aimed to estimate the magnitude of different forms of domestic violence and identify its associated factors.

MethodsCommunity based cross sectional study was conducted among 355 married women of reproductive age group of Kusheshwor, Sindhuli, Nepal. The questionnaire adapted from the World Health Organization Multi-Country Study was used for the face to face interviews. Occurrence of current domestic violence was used as outcome variable in logistic regression. Descriptive and multivariate analysis were performed in order to assess the magnitude of domestic violence and to identify its associated factors respectively.

ResultsSelf-reported lifetime prevalence of physical violence was 29.6 % and past year prevalence was 15.2 %, while corresponding figures for sexual violence were 6.8 and 2.3 %, and for psychological violence were 31.0 and 18.3 %. Lifetime domestic violence was 38.6 % while in past 12 months, prevalence was 23.1 %. Furthermore, 12.4 % of women were experiencing all forms of violence concurrently. Women with controlling husband and having poor mental health were found to be at higher risk of domestic violence.

ConclusionsDomestic violence is still rampant in our society with several forms of violence occurring together. In a country like Nepal, differentials power in relationship and poor mental health was found to be positively associated with violent episodes. This study highlights the infringement of women rights which can be the cause for serious public health consequences.

KeywordsControlling behavior Domestic violence Mental health Occurrence AbbreviationsAORadjusted odds ratio

BPKIHSBP Koirala Institute of Health Science

CIconfidence interval

CORcrude odds ratio

FCHVfemale community health volunteers

IPVintimate partner violence

MoFALDMinistry of Federal Affairs and Local Development

MOHPMinistry of Health and Population

NDHSNepal Demographic Health Survey

SEASouth–East Asia

SRQ-20self reported questionnaire-twenty items

VAWviolence against women

VDCVillage Development Committee

WHOWorld Health Organization

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Autor: Diksha Sapkota - Sailesh Bhattarai - Dharanidhar Baral - Paras K. Pokharel


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