Modeling of Sand and Crude Oil Flow in Horizontal Pipes during Crude Oil TransportationReport as inadecuate

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Journal of Engineering - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 457860, 7 pages -

Research Article

Department of Chemical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria

Department of Chemical Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Received 31 October 2014; Accepted 4 December 2014

Academic Editor: Tingyue Gu

Copyright © 2015 Samuel Eshorame Sanni et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Some oil and gas reservoirs are often weakly consolidated making them liable to sand intrusion. During upstream petroleum production operations, crude oil and sand eroded from formation zones are often transported as a mixture through horizontal pipes up to the well heads and between well heads and flow stations. The sand transported through the pipes poses serious problems ranging from blockage, corrosion, abrasion, and reduction in pipe efficiency to loss of pipe integrity. A mathematical description of the transport process of crude oil and sand in a horizontal pipe is presented in this paper. The model used to obtain the mathematical description is the modified form of Doan et al. 1996 and 2000 models. Based on the necessity to introduce a sand deposit concentration term in the mass conservation equation, an additional equation for solid phase was derived. Difference formulae were generated having applied Fick’s equation for diffusion to the mass conservation equations since diffusion is one of the transport mechanisms. Mass and volume flow rates of oil were estimated. The new model, when tested with field data, gave 85% accuracy at the pipe inlet and 97% accuracy at the exit of the pipe.

Author: Samuel Eshorame Sanni, A. S. Olawale, and S. S. Adefila



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