A cross sectional evaluation of a total smoking ban at a large Australian universityReport as inadecuate




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BMC Research Notes

, 9:288

Public Health

Abstract

BackgroundTotal smoking bans have been found to contribute positively to the health of non-smokers by reducing exposure to second-hand smoke, and to enhance the likelihood of cessation among smokers.

MethodsTwo cross-sectional electronic surveys of staff and students at a large Australian university were conducted prior n = 969 and 1 year post n = 670 the implementation of a smoke free campus policy. Demographics, tobacco use, intention to quit, attitudes towards smoking and smoking restrictions and awareness of and attitudes towards the campus smoking policy were measured.

ResultsExposure to second-hand smoke SHS reduced significantly p < 0.001 one year after policy implementation. Smoking prevalence was similar at both time periods T1 9.3 %; T2 8.4 % and over half of smokers indicated they were planning to quit smoking in the future T1 65.5 vs T2 62.3 %. There was a significant increase in positive responses to the statement the campus should be totally smoke free including all outdoor areas at T2 compared to T1 T1 60.8 vs T2 71.4 %; p < 0.001, however respondents felt there should be places on campus for smokers to smoke T1 53.6 vs T2 47 %; p < 0.05.

ConclusionsThis study found a significant positive difference in exposure SHS after implementation of the total ban. Although prevalence of smoking in this study was low, the proportion of respondents who were contemplating smoking cessation suggests support for smokers would be beneficial. Continued awareness raising, education and enforcement is likely to enhance the long term outcomes of the total ban.

AbbreviationsSHSsecond-hand smoke

T1data collection: time period 1

T2data collection: time period 1

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Author: Sharyn Burns - Ellen Hart - Jonine Jancey - Jonathan Hallett - Gemma Crawford - Linda Portsmouth

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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