Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of physical activity levels among South African adults in Cape Town and Mount Frere communities in 2008-2009Report as inadecuate




Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of physical activity levels among South African adults in Cape Town and Mount Frere communities in 2008-2009 - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Archives of Public Health

, 74:54

First Online: 29 December 2016Received: 15 September 2016Accepted: 18 November 2016DOI: 10.1186-s13690-016-0167-3

Cite this article as: Malambo, P., Kengne, A.P., Lambert, E.V. et al. Arch Public Health 2016 74: 54. doi:10.1186-s13690-016-0167-3

Abstract

BackgroundPhysical activity has been linked to reduced risk of various cardiometabolic disease, cancer, and premature mortality. We investigated the prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of physical activity among adults in urban and rural communities in South Africa. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey comprising 1733 adults aged ≥35 years from the Cape Town urban and Mount Frere rural sites of the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study. Physical activity was assessed using the validated International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Multinomial logistic regressions were used to relate physical activity with socio-demographic characteristics.

ResultsOverall, 74% of participants engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. In the adjusted regression models, women were 34% less likely to engage in vigorous physical activity OR =0.66, 95%-CI = 0.47-0.93. Physical activity decreased with age, varied with marital status, education and occupation, always in differential ways between urban and rural participants all interactions p ≤ 0.047. For instance, in urban settings, those with secondary education were more likely to engage in moderate physical activity OR = 2.06, 95%-CI = 1.08-3.92 than those with tertiary education. Single people were more likely to engage in high physical activity OR = 2.10, 95%-CI = 1.03-4.28 than divorced. Overall, skilled participants were more likely to engage in vigorous physical activity OR = 2.07, 95%-CI = 1.41-3.05 driven by significant effect in rural area OR = 2.70, 95%-CI = 1.51-4.83. Urban participants were more likely to engage in moderate physical activity OR = 1.67, 95%-CI = 1.31-2.13 than rural participants.

ConclusionsTo prevent chronic diseases among South Africans, attention should be paid to specific policies and interventions aimed at promoting PA among young adults in rural and urban setting, and across the social-economic diversity.

KeywordsPhysical activity Socio-demography Determinants Rural Urban Adult Non-communicable diseases South Africa AbbreviationsBMIBody mass index

IPAQInternational Physical Activity Questionnaire

METsMetabolic rate

NCDsNon-communicable diseases

PAPhysical activity

PHRIPopulation Health Research Institute

PUREProspective Urban and Rural epidemiology study

USAUnited Sates of America

UWCUniversity of the Western Cape

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Author: Pasmore Malambo - Andre P. Kengne - Estelle V. Lambert - Anniza De Villiers - Thandi Puoane

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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