Caffeic acid phenethyl ester decreases acute pneumonitis after irradiation in vitro and in vivoReport as inadecuate

Caffeic acid phenethyl ester decreases acute pneumonitis after irradiation in vitro and in vivo - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Cancer

, 5:158

First Online: 09 December 2005Received: 08 September 2005Accepted: 09 December 2005DOI: 10.1186-1471-2407-5-158

Cite this article as: Chen, MF., Keng, P.C., Lin, PY. et al. BMC Cancer 2005 5: 158. doi:10.1186-1471-2407-5-158


BackgroundLung cancer is relatively resistant to radiation treatment and radiation pneumonitis is a major obstacle to increasing the radiation dose. We previously showed that Caffeic acid phenethyl ester CAPE induces apoptosis and increases radiosensitivity in lung cancer. To determine whether CAPE, an antioxidant and an inhibitor of NF-kappa B, could be a useful adjuvant agent for lung cancer treatment, we examine the effects of CAPE on irradiated normal lung tissue in this study.

MethodsWe compared the effects of CAPE on cytotoxicity and intracellular oxidative stress in normal lung fibroblast and a lung cancer cell line. For in vivo analysis, whole thorax radiation single dose 10 Gy and 20 Gy was delivered to BALB-c male mice with or without CAPE pretreatment. NF- kappaB activation and the expression levels of acute inflammatory cytokines were evaluated in mice after irradiation.

ResultsThe in vitro studies showed that CAPE cause no significant cytotoxicity in normal lung as compared to lung cancer cells. This is probably due to the differential effect on the expression of NF-kappa B between normal and malignant lung cells. The results from in vivo study showed that CAPE treatment decreased the expression of inflammatory cytokines including IL-1 alpha and beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and TGF- beta, after irradiation. Moreover, histological and immunochemical data revealed that CAPE decreased radiation- induced interstitial pneumonitis and TGF-beta expression.

ConclusionThis study suggests that CAPE decreases the cascade of inflammatory responses induced by thoracic irradiation without causing toxicity in normal lung tissue. This provides a rationale for combining CAPE and thoracic radiotherapy for lung cancer treatment in further clinical studies.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2407-5-158 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Miao-Fen Chen - Peter C Keng - Paul-Yang Lin - Cheng-Ta Yang - Shuen-Kuei Liao - Wen-Cheng Chen


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