Effect of an educational intervention on knowledge and attitude regarding pharmacovigilance and consumer pharmacovigilance among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district, NepalReport as inadecuate




Effect of an educational intervention on knowledge and attitude regarding pharmacovigilance and consumer pharmacovigilance among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district, Nepal - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Research Notes

, 10:4

Pharmacology and toxicology

Abstract

BackgroundPharmacovigilance activities are in a developing stage in Nepal. ADR reporting is mainly confined to healthcare professionals working in institutions recognized as regional pharmacovigilance centers. Community pharmacists could play an important role in pharmacovigilance. This study was conducted among community pharmacists in Lalitpur district to examine their knowledge and attitude about pharmacovigilance before and after an educational intervention.

MethodsKnowledge and attitude was studied before, immediately after and 6 weeks following the intervention among 75 community pharmacists. Responses were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. A pretested questionnaire having twelve and nine statements for assessing knowledge and attitude were used. The overall scores were obtained by adding the ‘knowledge’ and ‘attitude’ scores and ‘overall’ scores were summarized using median and interquartile range. Wilcoxon signed-rank test for repeated samples was used to compare the differences between knowledge and attitude of the pharmacists before and after the educational program.

ResultsKnowledge scores median interquartile range improved significantly between pre-test 39 44–46, post-test 44 44–44 and retention period of 6 weeks after the intervention 46 43–46. Knowledge score improved immediately post-intervention among both males 44 41–47 and females 44 43–45 but the retention scores after 6 weeks were higher 46 42–48 among males. Attitude scores improved significantly among females 46 44–48. The overall scores were higher among pharmacists from rural areas.

ConclusionKnowledge and attitude scores improved after the educational intervention. Further studies in other regions of the country are required. The national pharmacovigilance center should promote awareness about ADR reporting among community pharmacists.

KeywordsAdverse drug reaction Community pharmacists Nepal Pharmacovigilance Reporting systems AbbreviationsADRadverse drug reaction

CIMScurrent index of medical specialties

HCPHealth care professionals

CPcommunity pharmacists

GDPgross domestic product

DDADepartment of Drug Administration

NCDANepal Chemist and Druggist Association

SPSSstatistical package for social sciences

NDRNepal drug review

NGONon-governmental organization

CMAcommunity medicine auxiliary

B.PharmBachelor in pharmacy

M.PharmMasters in pharmacy

D.PharmDiploma in pharmacy

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13104-016-2343-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Nisha Jha - Devendra Singh Rathore - Pathiyil Ravi Shankar - Shital Bhandary - Rabi Bushan Pandit - Sudesh Gyawali - Moha

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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