Comparative levels and time trends in blood pressure, total cholesterol, Body Mass Index and smoking among Caucasian and South-Asian participants of a UK primary-care based cardiovascular risk factor screening programmeReport as inadecuate




Comparative levels and time trends in blood pressure, total cholesterol, Body Mass Index and smoking among Caucasian and South-Asian participants of a UK primary-care based cardiovascular risk factor screening programme - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Public Health

, 5:125

First Online: 28 November 2005Received: 02 August 2005Accepted: 28 November 2005DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-5-125

Cite this article as: Lyratzopoulos, G., McElduff, P., Heller, R.F. et al. BMC Public Health 2005 5: 125. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-5-125

Abstract

BackgroundIndividuals of South-Asian origin have a comparatively higher cardiovascular disease burden, but there is uncertainty about whether this is due to differences in risk factor levels and trends. We therefore studied comparative levels and time trends in blood pressure BP, total cholesterol, body mass index BMI and current smoking among UK Caucasian and South-Asian individuals.

MethodsRepeatable cross-sectional survey of men and women aged 35–60 attending for first screening as part of a primary-care based cardiovascular risk factor screening programme 1989 and 1999.

ResultsOf 34,122 men and 37,294 women participants, 499 men 1.5%and 381 women 1% were of South-Asian origin. South-Asian men had lower systolic -4.91 mmHg 95% Confidence Iterval CI: -3.58 to -6.23 and diastolic BP -2.87 mmHg -2.02 to -3.72, with no significant differences in cholesterol and BMI. South-Asian women had lower systolic BP -1.77 mmHg, 95% -0.21 to -3.33, diastolic BP -1.87 mmHg -0.92 to -2.82, cholesterol -0.24 mmol-l -0.08 to -0.39; and higher BMI +0.78 kg-m 0.25 to 1.3. South-Asian men and women had significantly lower prevalence of self-reported current smoking 29.0% and 1.8% respectively. With the exception of self-reported current smoking, between ethnic group risk factor trends were not converging.

ConclusionWith the exception of women-s BMI, South-Asian individuals had either lower or similar levels of the examined cardiovascular risk factors, compared with Caucasian individuals. Although time trends in smoking were converging, other risk factors trends were similar between the two ethnic groups. Overall the findings do not support the hypothesis that the relatively high cardiovascular disease burden in UK South-Asians is due to higher levels exposure to the examined risk factors. Other hypotheses, such as higher frequency of diabetes and increased genetic predisposition, require further exploration.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-5-125 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Georgios Lyratzopoulos - Patrick McElduff - Richard F Heller - Margaret Hanily - Philip S Lewis

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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