Granular cell tumor mimicking a squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue: a case reportReport as inadecuate

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BMC Research Notes

, 10:14

Clinical pathology


BackgroundGranular cell tumor is a rare benign tumor that can present a pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia of the covering epithelium. This lesion is not encapsulated and can be characterized by a pseudo invasive growth pattern, represented by the tumoral cells that infiltrate between adjacent connective tissue elements. Diagnostic difficulties may arise because histopathological features of the pronounced pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia can be confused with a well-differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma. The aim of this case report is to demonstrate the role of an immunohistochemical panel in the diagnosis of a granular cell tumor in the tongue with clinical and microscopic features resembling an oral squamous cell carcinoma.

Case presentationA 44-year-old white man with a history of heavy smoking and alcohol abuse presented an ulcerated nodular lesion in the dorsum of the tongue. The lesion was asymptomatic with fast growth. The clinical diagnosis was an oral squamous cell carcinoma. An incisional biopsy was performed and the ensuing histopathological analysis showed a pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in the overlying epithelium mimicking the invasion of epithelial tumor cells into the connective tissue as in an oral squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical antibodies S-100, vimentin, CD68, p53, Ki-67, E-cadherin, collagen IV and cytokeratin AE1-AE3 were used to characterize molecular aspects of the lesion. Strong staining of S-100 protein, CD68, vimentin, E-cadherin and low proliferative activity observed with Ki-67 expression confirmed the diagnosis of a granular cell tumor. The patient was submitted to surgical excision of the whole lesion. At a 12-month check-up, there was no evidence of recurrence.

ConclusionThis case report showed that the immunohistochemical profile was helpful in determining the clinical behavior of the tumor and establishing the final diagnosis with appropriate treatment.

KeywordsGranular cell tumor Diagnosis Immunohistochemistry Squamous cell carcinoma Case report AbbreviationsGCTgranular cell tumor

GCT-PEHgranular cell tumor-pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia

PEHpseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia

SCCsquamous cell carcinoma

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Author: Jean Carlos Barbosa Ferreira - Angélica Ferreira Oton-Leite - Rafaela Guidi - Elismauro Francisco Mendonça


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