A functional microRNA library screen reveals miR-410 as a novel anti-apoptotic regulator of cholangiocarcinomaReport as inadecuate

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BMC Cancer

, 16:353

Genetics, genomics and epigenetics


BackgroundCholangiocarcinoma is characterized by late diagnosis and a poor survival rate. MicroRNAs have been involved in the pathogenesis of different cancer types, including cholangiocarcinoma. Our aim was to identify novel microRNAs regulating cholangiocarcinoma cell growth in vitro and in vivo.

MethodsA functional microRNA library screen was performed in human cholangiocarcinoma cells to identify microRNAs that regulate cholangiocarcinoma cell growth. Real-time PCR analysis evaluated miR-9 and XIAP mRNA levels in cholangiocarcinoma cells and tumors.

ResultsThe screen identified 21 microRNAs that regulated >50 % cholangiocarcinoma cell growth. MiR-410 was identified as the top suppressor of growth, while its overexpression significantly inhibited the invasion and colony formation ability of cholangiocarcinoma cells. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that microRNA-410 exerts its effects through the direct regulation of the X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein XIAP. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-410 significantly reduced cholangiocarcinoma tumor growth in a xenograft mouse model through induction of apoptosis. In addition, we identified an inverse relationship between miR-410 and XIAP mRNA levels in human cholangiocarcinomas.

ConclusionsTaken together, our study revealed a novel microRNA signaling pathway involved in cholangiocarcinoma and suggests that manipulation of the miR-410-XIAP pathway could have a therapeutic potential for cholangiocarcinoma.

KeywordsCholangiocarcinoma microRNA screen miR-410 XIAP apoptosis microRNA therapy Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12885-016-2384-0 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Tiziana Palumbo - George A. Poultsides - Grigorios Kouraklis - Theodore Liakakos - Alexandra Drakaki - George Peros - Maria

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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