Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among private kindergarten school children in Bahirdar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Research Notes

, 10:22

Pediatrics

Abstract

BackgroundIn Sub-Saharan Africa, most nutrition efforts have concentrated on under-nutrition in children. However, national surveys rarely report the high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children. Likewise, in Ethiopia there is growing recognition of the emergence of a -double-burden- of malnutrition, with under and over nutrition occurring simultaneously among children, especially allied with improvements in socio-economic conditions. Hence, the study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity among private kindergarten school children aged 3–6 years in Bahirdar town, Northwest Ethiopia.

MethodsA school-based cross sectional study was conducted in Bahirdar Town, northwest Ethiopia from August to September, 2015. Anthropometric measurements such as weight and height were taken from 462 private Kindergarten preschool children aged 3–6 years; socio-economic and demographic factors and feeding practices were collected by interviewing the, mothers or caregivers of the children. The z-score values for BMI-for-age of children were generated using Emergency Nutrition Assessment ENA for Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief Transitions SMART 2011. Binary logistic regression model was used to identify factors associated with overweight and obesity in children. Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval CI was calculated to show the strength of association.

ResultsThe overall prevalence of overweight and obesity was 6.9% 95% CI 2.4, 11.4. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 4.1 and 2.8%, respectively. The odds of overweight and obesity was higher among children with high dietary diversity score DDS AOR = 5.12, 95% CI 1.42, 18.47, family size of less than five AOR = 4.76, 95% CI 1.84, 12.31 and a family having a private car AOR = 3.43, 95% CI 1.02, 11.49.

ConclusionsThe prevalence of overweight and obesity among private kindergarten preschool children in the study area was high. Interventions on improving feeding practice and doing physical activities are important for the control of overweight and obesity among children in urban settings.

KeywordsOverweight Obesity Kindergarten Malnutrition Children Ethiopia AbbreviationsAORadjusted odds ratio

CORcrude odds ratio

DDSdietary diversity score

KGkindergarten

BMIbody mass index

SPSSstatistical program for social sciences

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Author: Yoseph Tadesse - Terefe Derso - Kefyalew Addis Alene - Molla Mesele Wassie

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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