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BMC Public Health

, 17:72

Energy balance-related behaviors

Abstract

BackgroundThe objective of this population-based, large sample size study was to investigate the socioeconomic inequality of overweight and obesity among the elderly in Iran.

MethodsBaseline data of 3000 persons aged ≥60 years who participated in the Bushehr Elderly Health BEH program was analyzed. Overweight and obesity were defined as a body mass index BMI equal to or higher than 25 and 30, respectively. Socioeconomic status SES was measured by an asset index, constructed using principal component analysis, income, education level, and employment status. The Concentration Index and the Lorenz curve were used to illustrate the levels of inequality for overweight and obesity by gender.

ResultsThe frequencies among men and women were, respectively, 840 57.7% and 1131 73.2%, P < 0.001, for overweight, and 211 14.7% and 511 33.7%, P < 0.001, for obesity. There were direct associations between asset index quintiles and both overweight and obesity among both genders Ps for trend <0.01 except for obesity among men P for trend = 0.118. The overall Concentration Indices for overweight and obesity were 0.031 95%CI = 0.016–0.046, P < 0.001 and 0.041 95%CI = 0.004–0.078, p = 0.028, respectively.

ConclusionFindings support the direct relationship between SES and obesity among women as previously reported in developing countries.

KeywordsObesity Overweight Socioeconomic Status Elderly Iran AbbreviationsBEHBushehr Elderly Health

BMIBody Mass Index

DALLYDisability Adjusted Life Years

PCAPrincipal Component Analysis

SDStandard Deviation

SESSocioeconomic Status

WHOWorld Health Organization

YLLYears of Life Lost





Autor: Alireza Raeisi - Mohammadbagher Mehboudi - Hossein Darabi - Iraj Nabipour - Bagher Larijani - Neda Mehrdad - Ramin Heshmat

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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