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BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

, 4:19

First Online: 27 October 2004Received: 12 March 2004Accepted: 27 October 2004DOI: 10.1186-1471-2261-4-19

Cite this article as: Muennig, P., Jia, H. & Khan, K. BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2004 4: 19. doi:10.1186-1471-2261-4-19

Abstract

BackgroundWe set out to describe the risk of hospitalization from heart disease, stroke, and diabetes among persons born in India, all foreign-born persons, and U.S.-born persons residing in New York City.

MethodsWe examined billing records of 1,083,817 persons hospitalized in New York City during the year 2000. The zip code of each patient-s residence was linked to corresponding data from the 2000 U.S. Census to obtain covariates not present in the billing records. Using logistic models, we evaluated the risk of hospitalization for heart disease, stroke and diabetes by country of origin.

ResultsAfter controlling for covariates, Indian-born persons are at similar risk of hospitalization for heart disease RR = 1.02, 95% confidence interval 1.02, 1.03, stroke RR = 1.00, 95% confidence interval, 0.99, 1.01, and diabetes mellitus RR = 0.96 95% confidence interval 0.94, 0.97 as native-born persons. However, Indian-born persons are more likely to be hospitalized for these diseases than other foreign-born persons. For instance, the risk of hospitalization for heart disease among foreign-born persons is 0.70 95% confidence interval 0.67, 0.72 and the risk of hospitalization for diabetes is 0.39 95% confidence interval 0.37, 0.42 relative to native-born persons.

ConclusionsSouth Asians have considerably lower rates of hospitalization in New York than reported in countries with national health systems. Access may play a role. Clinicians working in immigrant settings should nonetheless maintain a higher vigilance for these conditions among Indian-born persons than among other foreign-born populations.





Autor: Peter Muennig - Haomiao Jia - Kamran Khan

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







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