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BMC Cancer

, 2:10

First Online: 03 May 2002Received: 19 December 2001Accepted: 03 May 2002DOI: 10.1186-1471-2407-2-10

Cite this article as: Patel, T. BMC Cancer 2002 2: 10. doi:10.1186-1471-2407-2-10


BackgroundIntrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas are malignant tumors arising from the intrahepatic biliary tract. The pathogenesis of these tumors remains unknown. Although there is a marked global variation in prevalence, some recent studies have suggested an increase in mortality from intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in several regions of low endemicity. As the study of mortality trends may yield clues to possible etiological factors, we analyzed worldwide time trends in mortality from biliary tract malignancies.

MethodsAnnual age-standardized rates for individual countries were compiled for deaths from biliary tract malignancies using the WHO database. These data were used to analyze gender and site-specific trends in mortality rates.

ResultsAn increasing trend for mortality from intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma was noted in most countries. The average estimated annual percentage change EAPC in mortality rates for males was 6.9 ± 1.5, and for females was 5.1 ± 1.0. Increased mortality rates were observed in all geographic regions. Within Europe, increases were higher in Western Europe than in Central or Northern Europe. In contrast, mortality rates for extrahepatic biliary tract malignancies showed a decreasing trend in most countries, with an overall average EAPC of -0.3 ± 0.4 for males, but -1.3 ± 0.4 for females.

ConclusionsThere has been a marked global increase in mortality from intrahepatic, but not extra-hepatic, biliary tract malignancies.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2407-2-10 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Autor: Tushar Patel


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