Investigating young women’s motivations to engage in early mammography screening in Switzerland: results of a cross-sectional studyReportar como inadecuado




Investigating young women’s motivations to engage in early mammography screening in Switzerland: results of a cross-sectional study - Descarga este documento en PDF. Documentación en PDF para descargar gratis. Disponible también para leer online.

BMC Cancer

, 17:209

Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Abstract

BackgroundThe scientific and public debate concerning organized mammography screening is unprecedentedly strong. With research evidence concerning its efficacy being ambiguous, the recommendations pertaining to the age-thresholds for program inclusion vary between – and even within – countries. Data shows that young women who are not yet eligible for systematic screening, have opportunistic mammograms relatively often and, moreover, want to be included in organized programs. Yet, to date, little is known about the precise motivations underlying young women’s desire and intentions to go for, not medically indicated, mammographic screening.

MethodsA cross-sectional online survey was carried out among women aged 30-49 years n = 918 from Switzerland.

ResultsThe findings show that high fear β = .08, p ≤ .05, perceived susceptibility β = .10, p ≤ .05, and ego-involvement β = .34, p ≤ .001 are the main predictors of screening intentions among women who are not yet eligible for the systematic program. Also, geographical location Swiss-French group: β = .15, p ≤ .001; Swiss-Italian group: β = .26, p ≤ .001 and age β = .11, p ≤ .001 play a role. In turn, breast cancer knowledge, risk perceptions, and educational status do not have a significant impact.

ConclusionsYoung women seem to differ inherently from those who are already eligible for systematic screening in terms of the factors underlying their intentions to engage in mammographic screening. Thus, when striving to promote adherence to systematic screening guidelines – whether based on unequivocal scientific evidence or policy decisions – and to allow women to make evidence-based, informed decisions about mammography, differential strategies are needed to reach different age-groups.

KeywordsBreast cancer Mammography screening Knowledge Fear Risk perceptions Ego-involvement Switzerland Women aged 30-49 



Autor: Nanon H. M. Labrie - Ramona Ludolph - Peter J. Schulz

Fuente: https://link.springer.com/







Documentos relacionados